Showing posts with label disease. Show all posts
Showing posts with label disease. Show all posts

Thursday, 6 July 2017

Types of Cancers

Cancer is the most fearsome and common disease right now in the entire world. It is said to be the primal cause of death in underdeveloped countries and is the 2nd highest cause of death in developed countries. 

Such is the deadly nature of this disease that it can stem from almost any part of the human body. Cancer starts when the cells in human body divide abnormally fast and the newly formed trillions of cells crowd out the normal cells as a result. Cancer is not one single disease; it is a complex group of diseases that has a severe effect on a human body. 

Although there have been considerable improvements in cancer survival ratio, a total of 35% people who develop cancer, fail to survive this fatal disease. There are countless factors that are responsible for such a high percentage of cancer deaths. Inadequate diet, mediocre lifestyle, lack of critical information and the astronomical cost attached with its treatment, all contributes towards that survival ratio. 

What is Cancer?
Cancer can be characterized by defining it as the uncontrollable proliferation of cells. Normally in a healthy body, cells divide and form new cells whenever your body requires them, replacing the ones that have grown old or have been damaged. Now in the case of cancer, there is a continuous formation of new cells irrespective of your body’s need and the old cells remains in place even if they should have been dead. The accumulation of these extra cells forms a tumor, which can be further divided into two parts namely benign and malignant. Thus, cancers occur when the natural process of cell division goes amiss. 

Classification of Cancer

  • Sarcomas – This type of malignant tumor occurs in the connective tissues in the body such as in the bones, blood vessels, cartilage or the supportive tissues.
  • Lymphomas – This type of blood cell tumor starts in the cells of the immune system and develops from lymphocytes.
  • Carcinomas – This is a type of skin cancer that develops in the epithelial cells or the cells that line the internal organs. Melanoma and Basal cell cancers are its prime examples.
  • Central Nervous System – The CNS cancers appear in cells of the human brain and spinal cord.
  • Leukemias – This is a type of blood cancer that occurs usually in the bone marrow resulting in a huge abnormal increase of white blood cells like 
Types of Cancer Diseases

  • Breast Cancer – There are no particular findings concerning what causes one out of every 8 women to get breast cancer but there are some proven risk factors like aging and genetics. A lump of mass in the breast, a change in breast size and nipple discharge are some of its main symptoms. 
  • Prostate Cancer – This slow progressing cancerous disease only affects men. Many a time’s, old men die without even realizing that they had prostate cancer that begins in one of the glands in the male reproductive system called prostate.
  • Pancreatic Cancers – There are two kinds of pancreatic cells in human body namely exocrine and neuroendocrine. Most pancreatic cancers grow and develop in the exocrine cells but it does not cause any noticeable symptoms or signs. This makes it very tough to cure or diagnose pancreatic cancer at an early stage.
  • Ovarian Cancer – This type of cancer is rarely diagnosed at an early phase. This is due to the difficulty involved in the detection of ovarian cancer at an early stage.
  • Cervical Cancer – Caused by HPV virus which spreads through sexual contact, Cervical Cancer is one of the most treatable cancers. Pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding are its common symptoms.
  • Liver Cancer – There are many types of liver cancers that begin to develop in the cells of your liver. Hepatocellular is one of its most common types of cancer.
  • Colon Cancer – This type of cancer occurs when there is an uncontrollable cell growth in the cells of the colon (large intestines). Its symptoms include abdominal discomfort, change in bowel habits and others.
  • Bladder Cancer – It arises from the epithelial lining of the hollow urinary storage area called the bladder. The most common symptom of bladder cancer is blood in urine.
  • Basal Cell Cancer – This is one of the most common types of skin cancer that develops from basal cells. Although it can be cured at an early stage, it can be beyond repair if allowed to progress. 

Completely removing any chance of getting ill with cancer is farfetched and cannot be achieved even if you follow a completely healthy lifestyle. But adequate rest, daily exercise, limitation of alcohol drinks, quitting smoking, drinking plenty of water fluids and eating a healthy balanced diet will dramatically reduce your chances of getting cancer. It is important to be aware of the correct and descriptive information concerning cancer to prevent it from spreading and conquering it at an early stage.

Saturday, 2 March 2013

Control the Spread of HIV Aids with Drug Addiction Treatment

It’s a proven fact that drug abusers which includes both the injecting as well as non injecting drug users suffer from higher risk of infectious diseases like HIV and HCV. 

The major causes of the transmission of these diseases include usage of contaminated drug injection equipment or involvement in unprotected and risky sexual activities. Drug abuse is responsible for engagement in risky sexual behavior in most of the cases. So, in simple terms, it can be said that the first step for HIV AIDS prevention lies in effective drug abuse treatment. Counseling certainly enhances the level of prevention of this disease as it deals with a variety of cases related with HIV AIDS.

The experiments conducted in this field have revealed that drug abusers who don’t take drug abuse treatment suffer from six times higher risk of being infected with HIV AIDS as compared to those drug users who are a part of drug abuse treatment program. It happens because drug abuse treatment helps the drug abusers in reducing their involvement in the activities which become the cause of the spread of HIV AIDS. Treatment options save the drug abusers from sharing injection equipment getting involved in unprotected sexual activities.

Not only this, when the drug abusers participate in various treatment programs for drug addiction, they also get chances for counseling, screening and come to know about the availability of additional services like access to HAART and early HIV treatment. In fact, HIV testing and counseling play a pivotal role in superior drug abuse treatment programs and all individuals who become a part of the treatment process should be offered this. The availability of inexpensive and unobtrusive rapid HIV tests on a wide scale would certainly help in increasing the awareness of people about HIV prevention and treatment and thus reducing its spread to a great extent.

There are a wide variety of settings as well as behavioral and pharmacological approaches which can be used for the treatment of drug abusers. Drug addiction is such a complex disorder that can completely disrupt the functioning of an individual including his family as well as work life.

As drug addiction is a very complex problem and can even lead to pervasive consequences, so the whole process of drug addiction treatment should be followed very carefully. The treatment is composed of various components and each component should be given due emphasis. Some of the important functions of the components is to curb the individual's drug use, offer employment training and taking steps to bring the addicted individual back to his productive place in his family as well as the society. The best part is that it helps the drug abuser to realize the rewards for abstinence and bring him closer to the treatment.

Treatment for drug abuse and addiction is delivered in many different settings using a variety of behavioral and pharmacological approaches. Depending on the requirements and the addiction level of the person, drug treatment facilities provide behavioral therapy, medication, counseling and other types of services to the drug addicts.

Now a day’s various specialized drug treatment facilities are available for giving the best possible treatment to the drug addicts. Drug abusers can also be effectively treated in mental health clinics and physician’s offices with the help of counselors, psychologists, nurses, physicians and psychiatrists.

Keeping in view the availability of the patients, the treatment is facilitated to the drug abusers in inpatient, outpatient as well as residential settings. The fact can’t be denied that some specific treatment settings require particular treatment approaches, but the option for using a variety of therapeutic interventions or services can be possible in any setting.

So, with proper drug addiction treatment, the spread of HIV AIDS can be undoubtedly curtailed to a large extent. The only need to make this possible is to follow the treatment process and understand the treatment facilities required by the patients to help them in the best possible manner.